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Please send your question regarding habitat development and gardening for birds to We'll answer as many as we can and post selected answers here.

Q. Wildlife doesn't just randomly occur in a given area; it is there in response to habitat which meets its needs. What are the four essential elements of a wildlife habitat, including for birds?
DF - Atlanta, GA

A. Food, water, cover (protection from weather and predators) and space to raise a family.

Tom Patrick is president of the Windstar Wildlife Institute. Tom's company provides training and certification in wildlife habitat development programs. Thanks to Tom and some of his Certified Wildlife Habitat Naturalists for answering the questions.

Q. Feeders are used to supplement the foods provided by trees, shrubs, flowers, crops in food plots, vines and ground covers. What are the different types of feeders?
TR - LA, CA.

A. Cylindrical, hopper, suet, hummingbird, squirrel and fruit.


Kentucky Plants for Wildlife Habitat & Conservation Landscaping
Do you enjoy observing nature...hearing the song of the chickadee...watching hummingbirds fill up on nectar from trumpet vines...listening to the chattering of squirrels...seeing the beauty and grace of a monarch butterfly perched on a milkweed... experiencing the antics of a Mockingbird...the cooing of the Mourning Doves...the swiftness of the Cottontail...and the brilliance of a Cardinal or Baltimore Oriole?

If the answer is "yes", you'll probably want to landscape your property for wildlife so you can experience even more from Mother Nature by attracting more wildlife to your property.

Wildlife doesn't just randomly appear in a given area. It is there because of favorable habitat. The essential elements that you must provide in your habitat are food, water, cover and a place to raise a family. To attract the most wildlife, you need native trees, shrubs, groundcover, vines and wildflowers, many of which will provide food and shelter.

Native or indigenous plants naturally occur in the region in which they evolved. They are adapted to local soil, rainfall and temperature conditions, and have developed natural defenses to many insects and diseases. Because of these traits, native plants will grow with minimal use of water, fertilizers and pesticides. Wildlife species evolve with plants; therefore, they use native plant communities as their habitat. Using native plants helps preserve the balance and beauty of natural ecosystems.

Remember the function served by plants and structures is more important than their appearance. In other words, don't base your planting decisions solely on what a plant looks like. Following are WindStar Wildlife Institute's plant recommendations for wildlife habitats in Kentucky:

Tall--Eastern Hemlock, White Oak, Black Cherry, White Pine, Sweet Gum, American Beech, Common Persimmon, Shagbark Hickory, American Elm, pin Oak, Red Maple, Sycamore, Tulip Poplar

Medium/Small--Serviceberry, Eastern Redbud, Flowering Dogwood, American Holly, American Hornbeam, Cockspur Hawthorn, Sassafras, Plum, Box Elder, Ohio Buckeye

Spicebush, Sumac, Witch Hazel, Arrowwood Viburnum, Wild Hydrangea, Winterberry Holly

Butterflyweed, New England Aster, Cardinal Flower, Swamp Milkweed, Black-eyed Susan, Mistflower, Dwarf Blazingstar, Prairie Phlox, Spiked Blazingstar, Lance-leaf Coreopsis, Wild Bergamot, Purple Coneflower, Bee Balm, Sky Blue Aster, Rigid/Gray Goldenrod, Royal Catchfly, Spotted Jewelweed, Pale Jewelweed, Hairy Penstemon, Cooper Iris, Smooth Penstemon, Lyre-leafed Sage, Wild Columbine, Ironweed, Butterfly Milkweed, Common Milkweed, Ox-eye Sunflower, Rattlesnake Master

Pachysandra, Ferns

Trumpet Creeper, Trumpet Honeysuckle, Cross Vine

Indiangrass, Little Bluestem, Big Bluestem, Sideoats Grama, Elliott's Broomsedge, Switchgrass, Splitbeard Broomsedge

Kentucky is not one of the largest states, but it's geography is diverse. It is composed of five geographic regions that attest to this diversity; the Bluegrass Region, the Cumberland Plateau, the Western Coal Field, the Pennyroyal Region, and the Jackson Purchase Region. The Kentucky Native Plant Society can provide lists of plants for a specific region.

For more information on improving your wildlife habitat, visit the WindStar Wildlife Institute web site. On the web site, you can also apply to certify your property as a wildlife habitat, register for the "Certified Wildlife Habitat Naturalist e-Learning course, become a member and sign up for the FREE WindStar Wildlife Garden Weekly e-mail newsletter. - P.O. Box 181 - McKinney, TX 75070
Phone: 972-562-7432
Copyright 2003,2004, 2005 - All rights reserved. - P.O. Box 181 - McKinney, TX 75070
Phone: 972-562-7432
Copyright 2003 - All rights reserved.